I am writing this answer before people had a chance to answer the actual challenge, so I hope people caught it. This was neither easy nor obvious to catch, because it was hiding with a pile of other stuff and the bug is a monster to figure out.
In case you need a reminder, here is the before & after code:
Look at line 18 in the second part. If we tried to allocate native memory and failed, we would try again, this this with the requested amount.
The logic here is that we typically want to request memory in power of 2 increments. So if asked for 17MB, we’ll allocate 32MB. This code is actually part of our memory allocator, which request memory from the operating system, so it is fine if we allocate more, we’ll just use that in a bit. However, if we don’t have enough memory to allocate 32MB, maybe we do have enough to allocate 17MB. And in many cases, we do, which allow the system to carry on operating.
Everyone is happy, right? Look at line 21 in the second code snippet. We set the allocated size to the size we wanted to allocate, not the actual size we allocated.
We allocated 17MB, we think we allocated 32MB, and now everything can happen.
This is a nasty thing to figure out. If you are lucky, this will generate an access violation when trying to get to that memory you think you own. If you are not lucky, this memory was actually allocated to your process, which means that you are now corrupting some totally random part of memory in funny ways. And that means that in some other time you’ll be start seeing funny behaviors and impossible results and tear your hair out trying to figure it out.
To make things worse, this is something that only happens when you run out of memory, so you are already suspicious about pretty much everything that is going on there. Nasty, nasty, nasty.
I might need a new category of bugs: “Stuff that makes you want to go ARGH!”
More posts in "Challenge" series:
- (21 Apr 2020) Generate matching shard id–answer
- (20 Apr 2020) Generate matching shard id
- (02 Jan 2020) Spot the bug in the stream
- (28 Sep 2018) The loop that leaks–Answer
- (27 Sep 2018) The loop that leaks
- (03 Apr 2018) The invisible concurrency bug–Answer
- (02 Apr 2018) The invisible concurrency bug
- (31 Jan 2018) Find the bug in the fix–answer
- (30 Jan 2018) Find the bug in the fix
- (19 Jan 2017) What does this code do?
- (26 Jul 2016) The race condition in the TCP stack, answer
- (25 Jul 2016) The race condition in the TCP stack
- (28 Apr 2015) What is the meaning of this change?
- (26 Sep 2013) Spot the bug
- (27 May 2013) The problem of locking down tasks…
- (17 Oct 2011) Minimum number of round trips
- (23 Aug 2011) Recent Comments with Future Posts
- (02 Aug 2011) Modifying execution approaches
- (29 Apr 2011) Stop the leaks
- (23 Dec 2010) This code should never hit production
- (17 Dec 2010) Your own ThreadLocal
- (03 Dec 2010) Querying relative information with RavenDB
- (29 Jun 2010) Find the bug
- (23 Jun 2010) Dynamically dynamic
- (28 Apr 2010) What killed the application?
- (19 Mar 2010) What does this code do?
- (04 Mar 2010) Robust enumeration over external code
- (16 Feb 2010) Premature optimization, and all of that…
- (12 Feb 2010) Efficient querying
- (10 Feb 2010) Find the resource leak
- (21 Oct 2009) Can you spot the bug?
- (18 Oct 2009) Why is this wrong?
- (17 Oct 2009) Write the check in comment
- (15 Sep 2009) NH Prof Exporting Reports
- (02 Sep 2009) The lazy loaded inheritance many to one association OR/M conundrum
- (01 Sep 2009) Why isn’t select broken?
- (06 Aug 2009) Find the bug fixes
- (26 May 2009) Find the bug
- (14 May 2009) multi threaded test failure
- (11 May 2009) The regex that doesn’t match
- (24 Mar 2009) probability based selection
- (13 Mar 2009) C# Rewriting
- (18 Feb 2009) write a self extracting program
- (04 Sep 2008) Don't stop with the first DSL abstraction
- (02 Aug 2008) What is the problem?
- (28 Jul 2008) What does this code do?
- (26 Jul 2008) Find the bug fix
- (05 Jul 2008) Find the deadlock
- (03 Jul 2008) Find the bug
- (02 Jul 2008) What is wrong with this code
- (05 Jun 2008) why did the tests fail?
- (27 May 2008) Striving for better syntax
- (13 Apr 2008) calling generics without the generic type
- (12 Apr 2008) The directory tree
- (24 Mar 2008) Find the version
- (21 Jan 2008) Strongly typing weakly typed code
- (28 Jun 2007) Windsor Null Object Dependency Facility